Earthquake Safe Communities in Nepal

Huangshan Dialogue on UNESCO Sites and Sustainable Development held, Nepal’s Experiences also shared

The 3rd Huangshan Dialogue on UNESCO Sites and Sustainable Development has been held in Huangshan City, Anhui Province, People's Republic of China, during Oct 31 to Nov 3, 2018. The International Centre on Space Technologies for Natural and Cultural Heritage (HIST) under the auspices of UNESCO, hosted by the Institute of Remote Sensing and Digital Earth (RADI) of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), in collaboration with the Huangshan City Administration in Anhui Province, China have convened three “Huangshan Dialogue for Sustainable Development” in 2014, 2016 and 2018.

The aims of the sessions were:

1. Recognize the importance and needs of disaster risk reduction (DRR) the internationally designated areas (IDAs) (or sites), bearing in mind SDGs and the Sendai Framework on Disaster Risk Reduction 2015-2030, as well as the Paris Agreement;

2. Identify and initiate possible cooperation based on practical experiences and knowledge in addressing hazards and disaster mitigation to date; and,

3. Develop suggestions and recommendations for UNESCO to address and improve DRR in Biosphere Reserves, UNESCO Global Geoparks and World Heritage sites.

Various recommendations were made during the session such as the use of remote sensing and related technologies for hazard forecasting and early warning has significant potential for further application. In addition, an integrated, comprehensive global database on the application of remote sensing and related technologies for disaster risk reduction would be of considerable value. Engineering solutions to mitigate disaster risk must be designed so as to be appropriate in the context of local conditions, with standards aligned with trends in hazard intensities. The comprehensive, recently completed DRR survey among UNESCO-designated sites has yielded important data and results with the potential to serve as the basis for decision- and policy-making. The importance of local and traditional knowledge of cultural and natural heritage was highlighted ranging from knowledge of techniques, materials, landscape ecology, and agriculture.

The event concluded with an Intention for Cooperation to Create a Collaborative Network of UNESCO Designated Places along One Belt and One Road (OBOR) to Reach Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). Representatives and participants unanimously adopted the "Huangshan Consensus" at the conclusion of the Dialogue, the important output of the process that will support efforts in their own countries as well as within the larger region along One Belt and One Road to develop a collaborative network of UNESCO designated World Heritage sites, World Biosphere Reserves and Global Geoparks dedicated to attaining SDGs during the period between 2020 and 2030.

From NSET, Senior Technical Advisor Mr. Surya Bhakta Sangachhe had also presented Nepal experiences on “Heritage Conservation for Sustainable Development” in the Conference.

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